07 -Wait a second


Lets review quick.

  1. Musical alphabet? ABCDEFG
  2. Half Step or Whole Step! Do you know the difference?
  3. What is a musical interval? The _____________ between, right?

Enough review? great! Lets get move on!

The first interval we would like to introduce to you is called the second.

Do you remember this diagram from the Half or Whole Step Lesson?

Musical Alphabet A-B-C by PianoDrumsGuitar

Let’s use this diagram to help us understand the interval of a second a little more clearly.

The interval of a second would be the space between the ‘A’ and the ‘B’ -or- the ‘B’ and the ‘C’. if you are observant you may notice a little detail between the ‘A’ and ‘B’ that you will not find between the ‘B’ and ‘C’. Do you see it?

Say ‘yes’, …because it’s that skinny little black key. Ah Ha!

Did you know the musical distance and space between the ‘A’ and ‘B’ is different than between the ‘B’ and ‘C’?

The little skinny black key is a half step higher (or above….even though its to the right….remember the ladder diagram)?

The distance and space between the ‘A’ and ‘B’ is an interval called a MAJOR second (because of the black key between them). Don’t ask me why…it just is. The distance and space between the ‘B’ and the ‘C’ is an interval called a MINOR second (because of the absence of a black key in between them).

Major Secon          M
minor second        m

*understanding the difference between the major and the minor second will help us to lay a solid foundation for building harmony and, …chords.

Check out this short video to further explain musical intervals:

learn about musical thirds next…