If you know anything about music and pitch/tone, you understand pitches/tone can be played and heard at low frequencies or high frequencies…as well as everything in between …and beyond.
Scales are simply organized pitches connecting lower to higher pitches *in order* thru a series of steps and various intervals. (In music, an interval is the simply the distance between two tones.)
There are many different types of scales.
One of the most common is the diatonic. A Diatonic Scale is a common scale with eight notes (seven different pitches/tones with note number eight completing the ‘octave’).
One of the most used and recognized Diatonic Scales is the Major Scale (I don’t know about you, but Julie Andrews voice from The Sound of Music Comes to alive…)
Did you know the common Major Scale with which most of our ears may be familiar is only one of several modes? Did you know it also has a special musical geek name? Ionian.
Say it out loud. Go ahead: Ionian (eye-ow-neon)
Within any given major key there are up to seven different diatonic scale modes (that is because there are seven different pitches within a Diatonic Scale). The following are the special names of these modes:
Each of these modes may be characterized by certain moods and emotion triggers. Many are very foreign sounding because they are not regularly used in western pop music. To really dig deep into history and theory of music may cause your head to start spinning….it does mine.
The simplest thing for now is to realize that for the most part, western music can be pretty much divided into two modal categories: Major and minor. And, as mentioned previously, each of these types of modes invoke certain moods and emotions.
Major = happy, lighter, fun, party
Minor = serious, somber, darker, depth, mysterious